Almost every sister has gynecologic disease once in her life. Many gynecologic diseases recur several times and leave severe complications affecting the health of reproduction. They can even cause women to be infertile. Understanding common gynecologic diseases helps women be more proactive in avoiding and minimizing adverse consequences.
- 1 1. What is Gynecologic disease?
- 2 2. Common causes of gynecologic diseases:
- 3 3. List of common gynecologic diseases:
- 4 4. Prevention
- 5 Some common gynecological problems
1. What is Gynecologic disease?
Gynecology is a set of diseases that affect the female’s genitals including:
– External genitals: penis, lips,, vagina
– Domestic genitals: cervical, uterus, ovaries, ovulation.
Gynecological diseases directly affect women’s health, especially sexual health with disorders such as pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), cysts, fibroids, cancer, etc.
2. Common causes of gynecologic diseases:
There are many causes of gynecologic inflammation. Most of them are caused by stress or the habits of women. Here are the common causes of gynecologic diseases:
2.1. Uns protected intersym:
Women are at higher risk for gynecologic inflammation when having unsus safe sex with a partner infected with male genitals. In addition, strong, improper sexual relations can cause the female enclosure to be scratched, facilitating the development of bacteria that cause gynecologic disease.
Unsusmodied sexually transmitted viruses include chlamydia, Trichomonias, gonorrhea, coccobacillus, spirulina, anemic bacteria, genital herpes viruses, fungi,… These bacteria when entering the uterus can imbalance the microbial system (dysbiosis) and impair genital function.
The causes of gynecologic infections can be mentioned as abortion procedures performed by inexperienced doctors; in reputable medical centers or in operating rooms that are not properly disinfected. Improper care of the female enclosure after improper abortion also facilitates the development of harmful bacteria that cause inflammation.
According to experts, after an abortion, the sister’s genitals are very sensitive. Early sex after an abortion makes the vagina, uterus vulnerable and susceptible to gynecologic diseases.
2.3. Lack of rest, insufficient eating and stress:
Stress and anxiety cause a sormonal imbalance, seriously affecting women’s physical health such as menstrual cycle disorders, slow menstrual cycles, changes in the microenviral environment and vaginal pH, facilitating the development of gynecological diseases.
In addition, eating too many greasy dishes, spicy foods or using tobacco, coffee, alcohol,… also increases the risk of gynecologic inflammatory diseases.
2.4. Improper hygiene habits:
The vagina is a humid environment ideal for the growth of pathogenic bacteria and fungi. Therefore, improper hygiene habits of women can suffer from gynecologic diseases.
In addition, gynecologic diseases can also be transmitted by excessive use of panties, menopause, deterioration of health, pregnancy or allergies to certain detergents.
3. List of common gynecologic diseases:
|Pain during intercourse||Feeling pain during intersoling, may be accompanied by shortness of breath.||Vaginismus: Vaginal muscle spasms due to fear of damage.
Damaged cervical: The penis touches the cervical, causing pain or infection.
Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)
Early inter intersym after birth or caesarean section.
|Pelvic pain||Acne marks appear on the abdomen and upper legs.||Ectopic pregnancy
Pelvic disorders may include:
Bowel disorders: Constipation, diarrhea and abdominal obstruction.
|STDs (Sexually transmitted infections)||Abnormally smelling vaginal secrety
Itching, burning, aches and pains in the vaginal area.
Rashes, blisters, ulcers, lumps, pustules, warts on or around the genitals, anus or mouth.
Discomfort or pain when urinating.
Swelling of the lymph nodes in the inguinal
Pain in the groin or abdomen
Abnormal vaginal bleeding
Abnormal weight loss, night sweating
Flu-like symptoms (soreness, soreness and fever)
Pain during intersym
|Vulvodynia||Itching, pain or pain in the||Damage or nerve stimulation.
Abnormal reactions in infected or traumatised cells.
Genetic factors cause the vagina to react poorly to chronic inflammation.
Substance allergies and other allergies
Changes in hormones
History of sexual abuse
Regular use of antibiotics
|Vaginitis||Abnormally smelling vaginal secrety
Itching, burning, pain in the vaginal area
Burning during urination
Pain during intersym
|Yeast infections or vatis
Substance allergies and other allergies
|Fibroid||Increased vaginal secrety
Longer menstrual cycles and more bleeding than usual
Fatigue and pain
Tumors in the lower abdomen
|There are no specific causes but some risk factors include:
|Ovarian cysts||Similar to other gynecological diseases: Increased vaginal secrety, menstruation, urinary squash, abdominal pain.||
|Cervicitis||Vaginal secrety with an unpleasant odor or abnormal color
Burning sensation when urinating
Difficulty reaching orgasm during sex
|Having sex with multiple partners or having extreme sex
Improper feminine hygiene
Allergic to washing water
Abuse of birth control pills
|Cervical ectropion||Chun vaginal secretiation and an unpleasant odor.
Pain in the area and worsening when walking.
Feel lumps when checking the area of the lips.
|Repeated abortions cause damage to the follicles and endoratometrial
Estrogen overdose from contraceptive pills
Yellow vaginal translation, with an unpleasant smell
The need for frequent and urgent urination, or a burning sensation when urinating
May be accompanied by fever, dizziness, nausea
|Improper hygiene habits
|Endometritis||Abnormal vaginal discharge accompanied by pus, blood or more dense
|Ovarian inflammation||Increased vaginal secrety
Severe abdominal pain
Pain in the lower chest or lower right chest.
|Improper hygiene habits
Inflammation after abortion
Gynecologic diseases are caused by lifestyle. Therefore, the best way to prevent them is to change the habit of taking care of yourself daily such as:
4.1. Safe sex:
Healthy sex prevents recurrence of sexually transmitted gynecologic diseases. Condoms should be used during each intercourse to protect women from unexpected pregnancies and sexually transmitted diseases. You and your partner should clean your genitals properly before intercourse.
Avoiding sexual intercourse with multiple sexual entrants and strong intercourse will also help prevent gynecologic diseases.
4.2. Follow a healthy diet, proper rest and balanced living:
Anxiety caused by modern life also entails an increased risk of gynecologic diseases. Therefore, a healthy lifestyle with a modeular diet, adequate rest, stress-free will effectively prevent gynecologic diseases. You can strengthen your resistance by:
– Adequate supplementation of nutrients with fiber and vitamin C.
– Exercise regularly
– Avoid stress
– Sleep early, avoid staying up late
4.3. Properly maintaining women’s hygiene:
Understanding your feminine part keeps gynecologic diseases away. Some tips are listed below to keep her properly sanitation:
– Bathe and change panties regularly (especially during menstruation). Clean the genitals daily with warm and clean water.
– Keep genitals dry, avoid wearing too tight panties.
– Chang taming bandage every 4 hours during menstruation.
– Do not use strong sanitizers to clean the genitals, instead use reliable feminine washes.
– Do not clean deep inside the vagina.
– Do not share towels, underwear.
4.4. Regular gynecologic examination:
Subjectance and hesitation prevent women from being properly examined and consulted. Since the disease progressed, the treatment has been more laborious and costly. Regular gynecologic examinations will probably help eliminate the discomfort of gynecologic diseases.
Who should have regular gynecology check-up?
Women over the age of 21 or have intersed.
Periodically: at least once every 6 months
CarePlus International Clinic is operated by CityClinic Vietnam Co., Ltd. providing a variety of diagnostic and treatment services for obstetric and gynecologic diseases such as:
Diseases of menstruation and menopause.
Family planning advice.
Some common gynecological problems
Vaginitis is an infection that occurs in the vagina when bacteria, fungi, or parasites enter the body. This is the most common of all gynecological diseases, almost every woman will have vaginitis at least once in her life.
Vaginitis is caused by many factors. In addition to the invasion of bacteria, yeast or parasites, the disease also occurs due to unhealthy sexual relations, too violent relationships; due to poor hygiene of the intimate area, the wrong way, … Besides, it can also be caused by the long-term use of antibiotics.
Women with vaginitis will have some external manifestations such as: abnormal discharge; Vaginal secretions are abundant, making the vaginal area always wet; hot urine stream. In particular, vaginitis also causes the vagina to become inflamed, red and swollen, affecting the love affair, sexual intercourse at this time will have a burning sensation.
Cervicitis is an inflammation of the outside of the cervix, most commonly occurring in women of reproductive age. This is also a gynecological disease with the highest incidence rate today.
Cervicitis has outward manifestations to recognize: the first is also an abnormal sign of vaginal discharge, the discharge at this time will be brown with an unpleasant odor. There are painful muscles, pain when urinating and pain during sex, the pleasure of sex is reduced. Cervicitis develops in 2 stages, acute and chronic. Depending on the stage of the disease, there will be additional symptoms and signs.
In fact, the cause of cervicitis is almost the same as that of vaginitis. It is also due to rough sex, due to allergies to some ingredients such as: cleaning solutions, condoms, lubricants, due to improper hygiene habits, … Cervicitis is a condition. The condition is common and easy to treat completely if there is a timely examination and treatment process, so the patient should not be too worried.
3. Uterine fibroids
Uterine fibroids are a condition in which a woman’s uterus appears as small, single growths with many different tumor sizes. Uterine fibroids are usually benign tumors. Although it is a benign gynecological disease, if left untreated for a long time, these tumors still have the risk of causing dangerous complications.
People with uterine fibroids will have the following symptoms: Menstrual disorders (menstrual prolongation, menstrual irregularities and irregularities); Abdominal pain, back pain, pelvic pain; Symptoms of urinary retention; The abdomen is hard to the touch, and a tumor may even be palpable.
Currently, science has not found the exact and specific reason why women get uterine fibroids. However, some studies have shown that: obesity, genetics, estrogen level disorders, early sex, … are the risk factors for uterine fibroids.
4. Ovarian cyst
Ovarian cyst is a phenomenon in which the ovaries appear abnormal growths of cysts, these tumors can form due to the accumulation of abnormal secretions or due to the abnormal growth of the structural mass. not located in the forming ovary.
Ovarian cysts are a common gynecological disease, the cause of ovarian cysts is the excess of HCG (chorionic gonadotropin) in the body, or the stimulating effect of LH. luteinizing hormone) on the ovaries or from underdeveloped follicles.
Usually, the manifestations of ovarian cysts are abnormal discharge, lower abdominal pain, menstrual disorders, urinary retention, etc. The symptoms of the disease when they first appear are often not clear, the disease has blurred manifestations. pale, so it is difficult to identify accurately.
5. Cervical ectropion
Cervical ectropion is a condition in which a woman’s cervix develops overgrowth of glandular cells that invade the outer surface of the cervix. When these glandular cells invade the outside, it causes damage to the cervix. From there, vaginal discharge increases, taking advantage of that opportunity, bacteria will enter the body and cause disease.
The most obvious manifestation of cervical ectropion is the appearance of a thick, sticky, foamy and foul-smelling discharge. Symptoms include frequent urination, frequent urination, and pain when urinating. There is burning pain in the vulva, vagina, pain during sex, pain in the low back…. In fact, gynecological diseases in women often have quite similar manifestations, so to If women can accurately know their disease status, women should have a medical examination process.
The main reason for the formation of inflammatory cells is due to the sudden increase in the hormone estrogen in the body. In addition, it can also be due to a number of other reasons such as: multiple abortions, unsafe sex, unclean genital hygiene, …
6. Cervical cancer
Cervical cancer is the most common cancer occurring in women, second only to breast cancer. Cervical cancer is caused by the HPV virus. This is an extremely dangerous gynecological disease, directly affecting health, even endangering life.
Cervical cancer usually develops in four stages:
Stage 1: When newly infected with HPV virus, the symptoms of the disease are still quite faint and unclear.
Stage 2: There are some symptoms and signs, often like other gynecological diseases, so the patient is often subjective.
Stage 3: Cancer cells affect the body, this is the stage when the disease develops most strongly.
Stage 4: This is the final stage, at this time the cancer cells have metastasized and spread throughout the organs, the cure rate is very low at this time.
Depending on the stage of the disease and the condition of the disease, the doctor will recommend the most suitable treatment method. The disease can be completely cured if women have the process of examination and early detection of the disease. The longer the disease is left, the more difficult it will be to treat, and the disease also causes complications that affect reproductive function in particular and life in general. Therefore, when you have a disease, you should not be often and subjective.
7. Pelvic Inflammation
Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is an infection of the female reproductive organs that is transmitted primarily through sexual contact. Through sex, bacteria from the vagina will reach the uterus and fallopian tubes, ovaries causing inflammation in the pelvic area. Currently, the disease accounts for a large proportion of people infected, mainly in women of reproductive age.
Pelvic inflammatory disease has a number of manifestations such as: dull pain in the lower abdomen, abnormal and abundant discharge, burning pain during sex, high fever, chills and fatigue. Currently, there is no test to diagnose pelvic inflammatory disease, doctors to diagnose pelvic inflammatory disease often order patients to have tests for chlamydia or gonorrhea in combination with clinical tests.
Pelvic inflammatory disease is one of the extremely dangerous gynecological diseases, it will directly affect the health of the sufferer, the disease also has a high risk of causing infertility – infertility. For mild cases, patients can use antibiotics to treat. When the disease is severe, there are symptoms of abscess, surgical methods will be applied to treat.
Endometriosis is an inflammation of the lining of the uterus caused by bacteria, microorganisms, and parasites. In fact, endometritis will not be directly life-threatening. However, the patient should not be subjective, the infection for too long can cause some dangerous complications: infertility, pelvic infection, uterine or pelvic abscess, infection. blood,…
Symptoms of endometritis are often similar to many common gynecological diseases. If the patient experiences some symptoms such as: abdominal swelling, abnormal vaginal bleeding, abnormal vaginal discharge, constipation, fever, pain in the pelvis, waist, rectum or sex, … Then you need to see a doctor as soon as possible for timely treatment.
Endometritis usually doctors will prescribe medicine to treat, for more serious cases, intravenous infusion can be given and then everyone rests to stabilize the body condition.
9. Chronic vulvodynia (Vulvodynia)
Chronic vulvar pain syndrome, also known as Vulvodynia, is a condition in which the vulva is painful and itchy for a long time due to many causes. Currently, Vulvodynia is considered one of the most common gynecological diseases in women.
Chronic vulvar pain syndrome can be said to be a rather confusing disease syndrome, this discomfort in the vulva has an erratic level of itching and discomfort. Sometimes women will feel uncomfortable continuously, but sometimes because of touching, it will be uncomfortable. Besides, sometimes the patient will feel normal discomfort, but there are times when the discomfort and pain is unbearable.
In fact, the symptoms of gynecological diseases are often quite similar, for chronic vulvar pain syndrome, women will have symptoms: Feeling pain in the genitals, itching symptoms appear. , burning and stinging pain in the vulva at any time, especially when urinating. As the disease progresses, the pain will become intense, women can’t even wear tight pants, can’t have sex and always have pain even when walking as well as when sitting.
Vulvodynia greatly affects relationships and daily life. In order to quickly end this condition, women should have a timely medical examination, after the examination and tests, the doctor will give you the most suitable treatment method.
As you know, the female part includes: fallopian tubes, ovaries and wide ligament system. Adnexitis is simply understood as an inflammation of some of the above organs caused by bacteria, viruses, or fungi.
The main causes of appendicitis are: unsafe sex, improper vaginal hygiene, history of abortion. In addition, some gynecological diseases such as vaginitis, cervicitis, metritis, … are also one of the causes of appendicitis in women.
Adnexitis is divided into 2 types: acute appendicitis and chronic adnexitis, with specific manifestations as follows:
Appears pain in the lower abdomen, pain in the lower abdomen.
Prolonged menstrual bleeding, menstrual irregularities.
Abnormal vaginal bleeding.
Abnormal discharge: strange color and unpleasant odor
Fatigue, sickness, fever
Inflammation of the appendix not only affects psychological well-being, but also poses a great danger to health. Women suffering from the disease are at risk of some dangerous diseases such as: ectopic pregnancy, cervical cancer, infertility. – infertility. Adnexitis if the infection spreads to the pelvic peritoneum, generalized peritonitis and sepsis can lead to death.
Doctors recommend that: Adnexitis needs to be treated early to prevent complications, and have the fastest and most effective treatment process.
11. Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs)
Sexually transmitted diseases are usually diseases such as gonorrhea, syphilis, genital warts, genital herpes, chancroid, ….
STDs are caused by the transmission of bacteria, viruses, spirochetes, fungi, or parasites from one person to another through sexual contact. Sexually transmitted infections are one of the main causes of common gynecological diseases appearing in women today. In addition to sexual contact, the disease can also be caused by contact with bacteria through the process of sharing personal items with an infected person.
Symptoms of sexually transmitted diseases are often similar to other gynecological infections, in addition to some symptoms such as:
The appearance of sores, sores or warts, herpes around the genitals or anus, mouth.
The lymph nodes appear in the groin, the lymph glands swell and cause pain.
The vagina is swollen, red, and itchy.
Weakness, rapid weight loss, sweating, chills and fever
Sexually transmitted diseases often have great potential for health, affecting not only the quality of life but also endangering human life, the disease is also a concern of society. To reduce the risk of contracting the disease, women should have a reasonable sexual history.
General sources and references of experts.